1908 Messina earthquake

The 1908 Messina earthquake (also known as the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake occurred on 28 December in Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy with a moment magnitude of 7.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). The epicentre was in the Strait of Messina which separates Sicily from the Italian mainland.

The cities of Messina and Reggio Calabria were almost completely destroyed and between 75,000 and 82,000 lives were lost. It was the most destructive earthquake ever to strike Europe.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1908_Messina_earthquake